Undergraduate Degree

  • Brooklyn College , 1964 , Brooklyn , NY

Medical School

  • University of Rochester School of Medicine , 1968 , Rochester , NY


  • Harborview Medical Center , 1968 , Seattle , WA


  • New England Medical Center , 1972 , Boston , MA


  • New England Medical Center , 1975 , Boston , MA


  • Middlesex Hospital , 1974 , London , United Kingdom


Dr. Stuart Bauer received his medical degree from the University of Rochester School of Medicine in 1968, interned at King County Hospital in Seattle Washington, completed his residency in Urology at Tufts-New England Medical Center in Boston and had an elective with Mr. Richard Turner Warwick at the Middlesex Hospital in London. He moved to Children’s Hospital Boston in 1977 developing the first urodynamics laboratory entirely devoted to children and rose to Professor of Surgery (Urology) at Harvard Medical School in 2000. His research has led to breakthroughs in understanding of bladder function in children with neurologic, anatomic, and functional disorders. His findings in newborns with myelodysplasia led to a paradigm shift in how these babies are currently managed worldwide.

He has published more than 196 articles in peer-reviewed journals, written over 70 chapters in urologic textbooks and edited 2 books on the evaluation and management of children with urologic diseases. In addition, he has been a visiting professor at numerous institutions in the United States and worldwide and given lectures at over 150 scientific meetings, locally, nationally and internationally. From 2008 to 2014, he served as President of the International Children’s Continence Society where he has worked tirelessly to advance the objectives of this global society, namely improvement in the care of children with bladder dysfunction.

He has received a number of awards recognizing his accomplishments during his long and distinguished career: in 2009, he received the Pediatric Urology Progress Medal; in October, 2011 Dr. Bauer was awarded the Pediatric Urology Medal from the Section on Urology of the American Academy of Pediatrics for his outstanding contributions to his field of interest during his career; a Life Time Achievement Medal from the Spina Bifida Association of America was granted to him in March 2012; the American Urologic Association recognized his advances in the care of children with neurogenic bladder dysfunction by presenting him with the Victor A. Politano Award; and, most recently, on September 11, 2021, his research was cited when the American Urological Association Care Foundation honored him with the John W. Duckett Jr., MD Pediatric Urology Research Excellence Award.


  • American Board of Urology, Pediatric Urology


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Reverse phenotyping facilitates disease allele calling in exome sequencing of patients with CAKUT. Genet Med. 2021 Nov 16. View abstract
  2. A truncating NRIP1 variant in an Arabic family with congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract. Am J Med Genet A. 2022 Jan; 188(1):310-313. View abstract
  3. Onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox): A reasonable alternative for refractory neurogenic bladder dysfunction in children and young adults. Neurourol Urodyn. 2021 11; 40(8):1981-1988. View abstract
  4. Whole exome sequencing identifies FOXL2, FOXA2 and FOXA3 as candidate genes for monogenic congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2021 Sep 02. View abstract
  5. Editorial Comment. J Urol. 2021 05; 205(5):1481-1482. View abstract
  6. Low energy availability and impact sport participation as risk factors for urinary incontinence in female athletes. J Pediatr Urol. 2021 06; 17(3):290.e1-290.e7. View abstract
  7. Losartan prevents bladder fibrosis and protects renal function in rat with neurogenic paralysis bladder. Neurourol Urodyn. 2021 01; 40(1):137-146. View abstract
  8. Mutations of the Transcriptional Corepressor ZMYM2 Cause Syndromic Urinary Tract Malformations. Am J Hum Genet. 2020 10 01; 107(4):727-742. View abstract
  9. Phenotype expansion of heterozygous FOXC1 pathogenic variants toward involvement of congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT). Genet Med. 2020 10; 22(10):1673-1681. View abstract
  10. Anxiety, distress, and pain in pediatric urodynamics. Neurourol Urodyn. 2020 04; 39(4):1178-1184. View abstract
  11. CAKUT and Autonomic Dysfunction Caused by Acetylcholine Receptor Mutations. Am J Hum Genet. 2019 12 05; 105(6):1286-1293. View abstract
  12. The influence of delay elimination communication on the prevalence of primary nocturnal enuresis-a survey from Mainland China. Neurourol Urodyn. 2019 06; 38(5):1423-1429. View abstract
  13. Editorial Comment. J Urol. 2019 01; 201(1):180. View abstract
  14. ICS educational module: Cystometry in children. Neurourol Urodyn. 2018 11; 37(8):2306-2310. View abstract
  15. Whole-Exome Sequencing Identifies Causative Mutations in Families with Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2018 09; 29(9):2348-2361. View abstract
  16. Antibiotic Exposure and Reduced Short Chain Fatty Acid Production after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2018 12; 24(12):2418-2424. View abstract
  17. ICS educational module: Pressure flow study in children. Neurourol Urodyn. 2018 11; 37(8):2311-2314. View abstract
  18. Pelvic floor laxity: A not so rare but unrecognized form of daytime urinary incontinence in peripubertal and adolescent girls. J Pediatr Urol. 2018 12; 14(6):544.e1-544.e7. View abstract
  19. A homozygous missense variant in VWA2, encoding an interactor of the Fraser-complex, in a patient with vesicoureteral reflux. PLoS One. 2018; 13(1):e0191224. View abstract
  20. The value of synchro-cystourethrometry for evaluating the relationship between urethral instability and overactive bladder. Int Urol Nephrol. 2018 Mar; 50(3):441-449. View abstract
  21. Minor procedure, major impact: Patient-reported outcomes following urethral meatotomy. J Pediatr Urol. 2018 04; 14(2):165.e1-165.e5. View abstract
  22. Diagnosis and management of bladder bowel dysfunction in children with urinary tract infections: a position statement from the International Children's Continence Society. Pediatr Nephrol. 2018 12; 33(12):2207-2219. View abstract
  23. Advances in paediatric urology. Lancet. 2017 Sep 09; 390(10099):1061-1071. View abstract
  24. Editorial Comment. J Urol. 2017 12; 198(6):1428-1429. View abstract
  25. Evaluation and management of tethered cord syndrome in occult spinal dysraphism: Recommendations from the international children's continence society. Neurourol Urodyn. 2018 03; 37(3):890-903. View abstract
  26. Editorial Comment. J Urol. 2017 10; 198(4):942-943. View abstract
  27. A Dominant Mutation in Nuclear Receptor Interacting Protein 1 Causes Urinary Tract Malformations via Dysregulation of Retinoic Acid Signaling. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2017 Aug; 28(8):2364-2376. View abstract
  28. The Hinman Syndrome. J Urol. 2017 02; 197(2S):S132-S133. View abstract
  29. Editorial Comment. J Urol. 2017 03; 197(3 Pt 2):870. View abstract
  30. Establishing a standard protocol for the voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Dec; 12(6):361. View abstract
  31. Establishing a standard protocol for the voiding cystourethrography. J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Dec; 12(6):362-366. View abstract
  32. The transition of young adults with lifelong urological needs from pediatric to adult services: An international children's continence society position statement. Neurourol Urodyn. 2017 03; 36(3):811-819. View abstract
  33. The vexing problem of underactive bladder in children: a viable alternative. BJU Int. 2016 May; 117(5):712-3. View abstract
  34. Commentary regarding "What is a representative voiding pattern in children with lower urinary tract symptoms? Lack of consistent findings in ambulatory and conventional urodynamics tests". J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Jun; 12(3):155. View abstract
  35. Targeted sequencing of 96 renal developmental microRNAs in 1213 individuals from 980 families with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2016 08; 31(8):1280-3. View abstract
  36. Sacral agenesis and neurogenic bladder: Long-term outcomes of bladder and kidney function. J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Jun; 12(3):158.e1-7. View abstract
  37. Management of functional nonretentive fecal incontinence in children: Recommendations from the International Children's Continence Society. J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Feb; 12(1):56-64. View abstract
  38. Treatment of daytime urinary incontinence: A standardization document from the International Children's Continence Society. Neurourol Urodyn. 2017 01; 36(1):43-50. View abstract
  39. Mutations in TBX18 Cause Dominant Urinary Tract Malformations via Transcriptional Dysregulation of Ureter Development. Am J Hum Genet. 2015 Aug 06; 97(2):291-301. View abstract
  40. Validation of a bowel dysfunction instrument for adolescents with spina bifida. J Pediatr Urol. 2015 Aug; 11(4):199.e1-7. View abstract
  41. International Children's Continence Society standardization report on urodynamic studies of the lower urinary tract in children. Neurourol Urodyn. 2015 Sep; 34(7):640-7. View abstract
  42. Self-cathing experience journal: Enhancing the patient and family experience in clean intermittent catheterization. J Pediatr Urol. 2015 Aug; 11(4):187.e1-6. View abstract
  43. Urinary incontinence in spina bifida: Initial instrument validation. Res Dev Disabil. 2015 May; 40:42-50. View abstract
  44. Semen parameters in adolescents with varicocele: association with testis volume differential and total testis volume. J Urol. 2015 May; 193(5 Suppl):1843-7. View abstract
  45. The standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function in children and adolescents: Update report from the standardization committee of the International Children's Continence Society. Neurourol Urodyn. 2016 Apr; 35(4):471-81. View abstract
  46. Editorial comment. J Urol. 2014 Aug; 192(2):550-1. View abstract
  47. Combined cystometrography and electromyography of the external urethral sphincter following complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy. J Urol. 2014 May; 191(5 Suppl):1547-52. View abstract
  48. The standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function in children and adolescents: update report from the Standardization Committee of the International Children's Continence Society. J Urol. 2014 Jun; 191(6):1863-1865.e13. View abstract
  49. Editorial comment. Urology. 2013 Nov; 82(5):1123-4; discussion 1124. View abstract
  50. Re: Dannaway J, Ng H, Deshpande AV. Adherence to ICCS nomenclature guidelines in subsequent literature: a bibliometric study. Neurourol Urodyn 2013;32;952-956. Neurourol Urodyn. 2013 Nov; 32(8):1148. View abstract
  51. Should urodynamics be the basis for classification of lower urinary tract symptoms in children? J Urol. 2013 Sep; 190(3):836-7. View abstract
  52. Management of functional constipation in children with lower urinary tract symptoms: report from the Standardization Committee of the International Children's Continence Society. J Urol. 2013 Jul; 190(1):29-36. View abstract
  53. In utero closure of myelomeningocele does not improve lower urinary tract function. J Urol. 2012 Oct; 188(4 Suppl):1567-71. View abstract
  54. Protective locus against renal scarring on chromosome 11 in affected sib pairs with familial vesicoureteral reflux identified by single nucleotide polymorphism linkage analysis. J Urol. 2012 Oct; 188(4 Suppl):1467-73. View abstract
  55. Erratum to: Practical consensus guidelines for the management of enuresis. Eur J Pediatr. 2012 Jun; 171(6):1005. View abstract
  56. International Children's Continence Society's recommendations for initial diagnostic evaluation and follow-up in congenital neuropathic bladder and bowel dysfunction in children. Neurourol Urodyn. 2012 Jun; 31(5):610-4. View abstract
  57. International Children's Continence Society's recommendations for therapeutic intervention in congenital neuropathic bladder and bowel dysfunction in children. Neurourol Urodyn. 2012 Jun; 31(5):615-20. View abstract
  58. Urodynamic findings in patients with Currarino syndrome. J Urol. 2012 Jun; 187(6):2195-200. View abstract
  59. The management of adolescents with neurogenic urinary tract and bowel dysfunction. Neurourol Urodyn. 2012 Sep; 31(7):1170-4. View abstract
  60. Practical consensus guidelines for the management of enuresis. Eur J Pediatr. 2012 Jun; 171(6):971-83. View abstract
  61. Adult care of children from pediatric urology. J Urol. 2012 Apr; 187(4):1164-71. View abstract
  62. Risk factors of sudden death in young adult patients with myelomeningocele. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Feb; 9(2):149-55. View abstract
  63. Genome gender diversity in affected sib-pairs with familial vesico-ureteric reflux identified by single nucleotide polymorphism linkage analysis. BJU Int. 2012 Jun; 109(11):1709-14. View abstract
  64. Screening for malignancy after augmentation cystoplasty in children with spina bifida: a decision analysis. J Urol. 2011 Oct; 186(4):1437-43. View abstract
  65. Urodynamic testing in children: indications, technique, interpretation and significance. J Urol. 2011 Oct; 186(4):1190-7. View abstract
  66. Prenatal versus postnatal repair of myelomeningocele. N Engl J Med. 2011 06 30; 364(26):2554-5; author reply 2556. View abstract
  67. Editorial comment. J Urol. 2011 Aug; 186(2):659. View abstract
  68. Long-term follow-up of patients after antegrade continence enema procedure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 May; 52(5):574-80. View abstract
  69. Urodynamic abnormalities in toilet trained children with primary vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2011 May; 185(5):1863-8. View abstract
  70. Intermittent ureterovesical junction obstruction in children. J Pediatr Urol. 2011 Oct; 7(5):579-81. View abstract
  71. Urodynamic studies are recommended in children with central nervous system tumors regardless of location. J Urol. 2010 Dec; 184(6):2516-20. View abstract
  72. Pediatric Urinary Incontinence--shouldn't we speak the same language? J Urol. 2010 Feb; 183(2):425-6. View abstract
  73. Urological outcome following multiple repeat spinal cord untethering operations. Clinical article. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Sep; 4(3):275-9. View abstract
  74. Biofeedback training for lower urinary tract symptoms: factors affecting efficacy. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):2050-5. View abstract
  75. Editorial comment. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):2026-7. View abstract
  76. Editorial comment. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):1953; discussion 1953. View abstract
  77. A genome scan in affected sib-pairs with familial vesicoureteral reflux identifies a locus on chromosome 5. Eur J Hum Genet. 2010 Feb; 18(2):245-50. View abstract
  78. Ultrasound versus computerized tomography for evaluating urolithiasis. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):1829-34. View abstract
  79. What is the optimal surgical strategy for bulbous urethral stricture in boys? J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):1755-8. View abstract
  80. Nomograms for predicting annual resolution rate of primary vesicoureteral reflux: results from 2,462 children. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4):1535-41. View abstract
  81. Caliceal diverticula in children: natural history and management. J Urol. 2009 Mar; 181(3):1306-11; discussion 1311. View abstract
  82. Varicocele surgery: a decade's experience at a children's hospital. BJU Int. 2009 Jul; 104(2):246-9. View abstract
  83. Long-term efficacy of artificial urinary sphincters in children. J Urol. 2008 Aug; 180(2):441. View abstract
  84. Neurogenic bladder: etiology and assessment. Pediatr Nephrol. 2008 Apr; 23(4):541-51. View abstract
  85. Relationship of varicocele grade and testicular hypotrophy to semen parameters in adolescents. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178(4 Pt 2):1584-8. View abstract
  86. Standardizing terminology in pediatric urology. J Pediatr Urol. 2007 Apr; 3(2):163. View abstract
  87. Bladder and external urethral sphincter function after prenatal closure of myelomeningocele. J Urol. 2006 Nov; 176(5):2232-6. View abstract
  88. Safety and durability of dextranomer injections for urinary incontinence. Nat Clin Pract Urol. 2006 Sep; 3(9):466-7. View abstract
  89. The standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function in children and adolescents: report from the Standardisation Committee of the International Children's Continence Society. J Urol. 2006 Jul; 176(1):314-24. View abstract
  90. Tissue-engineered autologous bladders for patients needing cystoplasty. Lancet. 2006 Apr 15; 367(9518):1241-6. View abstract
  91. Diagnosis and management of dysfunctional voiding. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2006 Apr; 18(2):139-47. View abstract
  92. Renal biopsy in congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction: evidence for parenchymal maldevelopment. Kidney Int. 2006 Jan; 69(1):137-43. View abstract
  93. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction after sacrococcygeal teratoma resection. J Urol. 2006 Jan; 175(1):292-6; discussion 296. View abstract
  94. Testicular hypotrophy does not correlate with grade of adolescent varicocele. J Urol. 2005 Dec; 174(6):2367-70, discussion 2370. View abstract
  95. Balanitis xerotica obliterans in boys. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 1):1409-12. View abstract
  96. Intermittent testicular torsion: diagnostic features and management outcomes. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 2):1532-5; discussion 1535. View abstract
  97. Bladder growth and development after complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy in the newborn with comparison to staged approach. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 2):1553-7; discussion 1557-8. View abstract
  98. Is adolescent varicocele a progressive disease process? J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172(4 Pt 2):1746-8; discussion 1748. View abstract
  99. Anterior urethral valves and diverticula in children: a result of ruptured Cowper's duct cyst? BJU Int. 2004 Aug; 94(3):375-8. View abstract
  100. Lack of major involvement of human uroplakin genes in vesicoureteral reflux: implications for disease heterogeneity. Kidney Int. 2004 Jul; 66(1):10-9. View abstract
  101. Botulinum-A toxin injection into the detrusor: a safe alternative in the treatment of children with myelomeningocele with detrusor hyperreflexia. J Urol. 2004 Feb; 171(2 Pt 1):845-8; discussion 848. View abstract
  102. Mechanisms of failure of endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux based on endoscopic anatomy. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170(4 Pt 2):1556-8; discussion 1559. View abstract
  103. The management of the myelodysplastic child: a paradigm shift. BJU Int. 2003 Oct; 92 Suppl 1:23-8. View abstract
  104. Signaling through PI3K/Akt mediates stretch and PDGF-BB-dependent DNA synthesis in bladder smooth muscle cells. J Urol. 2003 Jun; 169(6):2388-93. View abstract
  105. Fibroepithelial polyps causing ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children. J Urol. 2003 May; 169(5):1834-6. View abstract
  106. Rate and predictors of spontaneous resolution of prenatally diagnosed primary nonrefluxing megaureter. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168(5):2177-80; discussion 2180. View abstract
  107. Special considerations of the overactive bladder in children. Urology. 2002 Nov; 60(5 Suppl 1):43-8; discussion 49. View abstract
  108. Overview consensus statement. Urology. 2002 Nov; 60(5 Suppl 1):1-6. View abstract
  109. The outcome of voiding dysfunction managed with clean intermittent catheterization in neurologically and anatomically normal children. BJU Int. 2002 Jun; 89(9):923-7. View abstract
  110. New surgical techniques in pediatric urology. Curr Opin Urol. 2001 Nov; 11(6):591-6. View abstract
  111. Rectus fascial sling for the treatment of neurogenic sphincteric incontinence in boys: is it safe and effective? J Urol. 2001 Aug; 166(2):658-61. View abstract
  112. Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty: expanded use in primary and repeat surgery for hypospadias. J Urol. 2001 Feb; 165(2):581-5. View abstract
  113. 99m Technetium dimercapto-succinic acid renal scintigraphy abnormalities in infants with sterile high grade vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2000 Nov; 164(5):1674-8; discussion 1678-9. View abstract
  114. Initial experience with the transurethral self-detachable balloon system for urinary incontinence in pediatric patients. J Urol. 2000 Sep; 164(3 Pt 2):942-5; discussion 945-6. View abstract
  115. Comparative assessment of pediatric testicular volume: orchidometer versus ultrasound. J Urol. 2000 Sep; 164(3 Pt 2):1111-4. View abstract
  116. Ketorolac suppresses postoperative bladder spasms after pediatric ureteral reimplantation. Anesth Analg. 2000 Jul; 91(1):11-5. View abstract
  117. Function of hollow viscera in children with constipation and voiding difficulties. Dig Dis Sci. 2000 Jul; 45(7):1274-80. View abstract
  118. The overactive bladder in childhood: long-term results with conservative management. J Urol. 2000 Feb; 163(2):574-7. View abstract
  119. The effect of surgery for split spinal cord malformation on neurologic and urologic function. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2000 Jan; 32(1):13-9. View abstract
  120. The effects and challenges of bladder outlet obstruction. J Urol. 2000 Jan; 163(1):3. View abstract
  121. The incidence of intersexuality in children with cryptorchidism and hypospadias: stratification based on gonadal palpability and meatal position. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162(3 Pt 2):1003-6; discussion 1006-7. View abstract
  122. Oxybutynin chloride inhibits proliferation and suppresses gene expression in bladder smooth muscle cells. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162(3 Pt 2):1110-4. View abstract
  123. Urodynamic findings in children with isolated epispadias. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162(3 Pt 2):1172-5. View abstract
  124. Normal urodynamics in patients with bladder exstrophy: are they achievable? J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162(3 Pt 1):841-4; discussion 844-5. View abstract
  125. Improved bladder function after prophylactic treatment of the high risk neurogenic bladder in newborns with myelomentingocele. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162(3 Pt 2):1068-71. View abstract
  126. Reservoir calculi: a comparison of reservoirs constructed from stomach and other enteric segments. J Urol. 1998 Dec; 160(6 Pt 1):2187-90. View abstract
  127. Adverse urologic consequences of spinal cord resection at the time of kyphectomy: value of preoperative urodynamic evaluation. J Pediatr Orthop. 1998 Nov-Dec; 18(6):820-3. View abstract
  128. Current findings in diagnostic laparoscopic evaluation of the nonpalpable testis. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160(3 Pt 2):1145-9; discussion 1150. View abstract
  129. The challenge of the expanding role of urodynamic studies in the treatment of children with neurological and functional disabilities. J Urol. 1998 Aug; 160(2):527-8. View abstract
  130. Urachal anomalies: defining the best diagnostic modality. Urology. 1998 Jul; 52(1):120-2. View abstract
  131. A single-system ectopic ureter draining an ectopic dysplastic kidney: delayed diagnosis in the young female with continuous urinary incontinence. Br J Urol. 1998 Mar; 81(3):474-8. View abstract
  132. Unilateral suprainguinal ectopic scrotum: the role of the gubernaculum in the formation of an ectopic scrotum. Teratology. 1998 Feb; 57(2):64-9. View abstract
  133. Hypoplastic dysplastic kidney with a vaginal ectopic ureter identified by technetium-99m-DMSA scintigraphy. J Nucl Med. 1998 Jan; 39(1):113-5. View abstract
  134. Estimating normal bladder capacity in children. J Urol. 1997 Dec; 158(6):2261-4. View abstract
  135. Pressure at residual volume: a useful adjunct to standard fill cystometry. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158(3 Pt 2):1268-71. View abstract
  136. Vesicoureteral reflux in children: incidence and severity in siblings. J Urol. 1997 Jun; 157(6):2287-90. View abstract
  137. Correlation of cystographic bladder morphology and neuroanatomy in boys with posterior urethral valves. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Jun; 27(6):553-6. View abstract
  138. Late effects of early surgery on lipoma and lipomeningocele in children less than 1 year old. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157(4):1434-7. View abstract
  139. Continent urinary diversion: the Children's Hospital experience. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157(4):1394-9. View abstract
  140. Urodynamic and neurophysiologic evaluation of patients with diastematomyelia. J Child Neurol. 1997 Feb; 12(2):97-100. View abstract
  141. Natural history of vesicoureteral reflux in siblings. J Urol. 1996 Nov; 156(5):1805-7. View abstract
  142. Reconstructive options in genitourinary rhabdomyosarcoma. J Urol. 1996 Nov; 156(5):1798-804. View abstract
  143. Congenital posterior urethral perineal fistulae: a unique form of urethral duplication. Urology. 1996 Aug; 48(2):277-80. View abstract
  144. Bladder stimulation therapy improves bladder compliance: results from a multi-institutional trial. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156(2 Pt 2):761-4. View abstract
  145. Ten-year experience with the artificial urinary sphincter in children. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156(2 Pt 2):625-8. View abstract
  146. Pediatric neurourology. Urol Clin North Am. 1996 Aug; 23(3):501-9. View abstract
  147. Urinary dysfunction in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Muscle Nerve. 1996 Jul; 19(7):819-22. View abstract
  148. Functional bladder capacity measured during radionuclide cystography in children. Radiology. 1996 Jan; 198(1):269-72. View abstract
  149. Electrophysiological and urodynamic studies to monitor surgical outcome in children with tethered spinal cords. Muscle Nerve. 1995 Dec; 18(12):1373-7. View abstract
  150. The long-term urological response of neonates with myelodysplasia treated proactively with intermittent catheterization and anticholinergic therapy. J Urol. 1995 Oct; 154(4):1500-4. View abstract
  151. Urodynamic findings in children with spinal cord ischemia. J Urol. 1995 Sep; 154(3):1183-7. View abstract
  152. The effects of delayed diagnosis and treatment in patients with an occult spinal dysraphism. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154(2 Pt 2):754-8. View abstract
  153. Comparative urodynamics of appendiceal and ureteral Mitrofanoff conduits in children. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154(2 Pt 2):878-82. View abstract
  154. Retained sacral function in children with high level myelodysplasia. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154(2 Pt 2):775-7. View abstract
  155. Spared sacral function in patients with complete thoracolumbar myelodysplasia. Muscle Nerve. 1994 Oct; 17(10):1213-4. View abstract
  156. Meatal based hypospadias repair with the use of a dorsal subcutaneous flap to prevent urethrocutaneous fistula. J Urol. 1994 Oct; 152(4):1229-31. View abstract
  157. Management of severe hypospadias with a 2-stage repair. J Urol. 1994 Aug; 152(2 Pt 2):749-51. View abstract
  158. Abnormal detrusor function precipitating hydronephrosis identified by extended voiding cystometry. J Urol. 1994 Jul; 152(1):89-92. View abstract
  159. The use of intravesical oxybutynin chloride in patients with detrusor hypertonicity and detrusor hyperreflexia. J Urol. 1994 Apr; 151(4):944-5. View abstract
  160. Laparoscopic evaluation of the nonpalpable tests: a prospective assessment of accuracy. J Urol. 1994 Mar; 151(3):728-31. View abstract
  161. The neurosurgical implications of continuous neurourological surveillance of children with myelodysplasia. J Urol. 1993 Dec; 150(6):1879-83. View abstract
  162. Urologic management of spinal cord injury in children. Urol Clin North Am. 1993 Aug; 20(3):475-83. View abstract
  163. The effect of gastric augmentation on bladder function. J Urol. 1993 May; 149(5):1099-102. View abstract
  164. Continuous urodynamic surveillance of babies with myelodysplasia: implications for further neurosurgery. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1992 Dec; 2 Suppl 1:35-6. View abstract
  165. Bladder functional changes resulting from lipomyelomeningocele repair. J Urol. 1992 Aug; 148(2 Pt 2):592-4. View abstract
  166. Urodynamic dysfunction in walking myelodysplastic children. J Urol. 1992 Aug; 148(2 Pt 1):362-5. View abstract
  167. Perforation of the augmented bladder. J Urol. 1992 Aug; 148(2 Pt 2):699-703. View abstract
  168. The prophylactic value of clean intermittent catheterization and anticholinergic medication in newborns and infants with myelodysplasia at risk of developing urinary tract deterioration. Am J Dis Child. 1992 Jul; 146(7):840-3. View abstract
  169. The long-term results of artificial sphincters in children. J Urol. 1991 Aug; 146(2):396-9. View abstract
  170. Vesical manifestations of chronic granulomatous disease in children. Its relation to eosinophilic cystitis. Urology. 1991 May; 37(5):463-6. View abstract
  171. Paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma: results of therapy in 18 cases. J Urol. 1990 Dec; 144(6):1450-3. View abstract
  172. The urodynamic consequences of posterior urethral valves. J Urol. 1990 Jul; 144(1):122-6. View abstract
  173. Evaluation and management of urinary incontinence after surgery for posterior urethral valves. Urol Clin North Am. 1990 May; 17(2):379-87. View abstract
  174. Management of the obstructed urinary tract associated with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. Urol Clin North Am. 1990 May; 17(2):395-406. View abstract
  175. Descent of the bladder neck: a urographic finding in denervation of the urethral sphincter in children with myelodysplasia. Radiology. 1990 Mar; 174(3 Pt 1):833-6. View abstract
  176. Modulation of the bulbocavernosus reflex during voiding: loss of inhibition in upper motor neuron lesions. Muscle Nerve. 1989 Nov; 12(11):892-7. View abstract
  177. The use of rectus fascia to manage urinary incontinence. J Urol. 1989 Aug; 142(2 Pt 2):516-9; discussion 520-1. View abstract
  178. The unrecognized neuropathic bladder of infancy. J Urol. 1989 Aug; 142(2 Pt 2):589-91; discussion 603-5. View abstract
  179. Congenital obstructed megaureters in early infancy: diagnosis and treatment. J Urol. 1989 Aug; 142(2 Pt 2):641-5; discussion 667-8. View abstract
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