MEDIA

Caregiver Profile

Caregiver Profile

Meet Dr. Athos Bousvaros

EDUCATION

Medical School

  • Duke University School of Medicine , 1985 , Durham , NC

Internship

  • Duke University Hospital , 1986 , Durham , NC

Residency

  • Duke University Hospital , 1988 , Durham , NC

Fellowship

  • Boston Children's Hospital , 1991 , Boston , MA

Fellowship

Clinical Research/Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
  • Boston Combined Residency Program (BCRP) , 1991 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

Medicine combines science with art and knowledge with compassion. I followed my father's footsteps and became a physician because I saw how rewarding his career was (he still practices medicine at age 86). By working at Boston Children's Hospital, I not only get to help people day to day, but am also able to participate in studies that will help us find the causes and cures of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

PROFESSIONAL HISTORY

Athos Bousvaros MD, MPH is a pediatric gastroenterologist who has worked at Boston Children’s Hospital for over 25 years.  He completed his undergraduate degree at Williams College, his medical degree and residency at Duke University, and his gastroenterology fellowship at Boston Children's Hospital, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School.  As Associate Director of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease program at Boston Children's Hospital, he spends much of his time treating complex cases of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis referred from across the country.  His research interests include identifying the cause of IBD by studying the intestinal microbiome, developing new therapies for IBD, and examining the immune response of IBD patients to immunizations.  He has over 100 original and review publications in medical literature. 

He has served as Chair of the Chapter Medical Advisory Committee of the New England Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America and Chair of the CCFA Pediatric Affairs committee.  He has also served as President of the North American Society for Pediatric GI and Nutrition (NASPGHAN), where he helped lead a campaign to promote child safety by getting high powered magnets out of the hands of toddlers. When not busy caring for patients or doing research, he enjoys developing patient education materials for children with chronic illness.  These include the medical comics: “Pete Learns All About Crohn’s and Colitis” (with the CCFA), “Amy Goes Gluten Free,” “JD Shapes Up,” and “Sophie’s Science Project.” He has also co-authored the NASPGHAN book “Your Child with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.” 

CERTIFICATIONS

  • American Board of Pediatrics, General Pediatrics
  • American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Gastroenterology

PUBLICATIONS

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  1. Agreement on Symptoms Between Children With Ulcerative Colitis and Their Caregivers: Towards Developing the TUMMY-UC. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2021 Aug 01; 73(2):e35-e38. View abstract
  2. Single-Cell Analyses of Colon and Blood Reveal Distinct Immune Cell Signatures of Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease. Gastroenterology. 2020 08; 159(2):591-608.e10. View abstract
  3. Very Early Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Clinical Approach With a Focus on the Role of Genetics and Underlying Immune Deficiencies. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 05 12; 26(6):820-842. View abstract
  4. The response to vedolizumab in chronic granulomatous disease-related inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf). 2020 Oct; 8(5):404-406. View abstract
  5. Treatment-Specific Composition of the Gut Microbiota Is Associated With Disease Remission in a Pediatric Crohn's Disease Cohort. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 11 14; 25(12):1927-1938. View abstract
  6. Concordance between gene expression in peripheral whole blood and colonic tissue in children with inflammatory bowel disease. PLoS One. 2019; 14(10):e0222952. View abstract
  7. The pharmacotherapeutic management of pediatric Crohn's disease. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2019 Dec; 20(17):2161-2168. View abstract
  8. Natural history of children with mild Crohn's disease. World J Gastroenterol. 2019 08 14; 25(30):4235-4245. View abstract
  9. Commentary: Monitoring Thiopurine Efficacy Without Levels: Is It a Good Idea? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 07; 69(1):1-2. View abstract
  10. Microscopic/"Backwash" Ileitis and Its Association With Colonic Disease in New Onset Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 06; 68(6):835-840. View abstract
  11. Challenges in IBD Research: Pragmatic Clinical Research. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 05 16; 25(Suppl 2):S40-S47. View abstract
  12. Designing clinical trials in paediatric inflammatory bowel diseases: a PIBDnet commentary. Gut. 2020 01; 69(1):32-41. View abstract
  13. Microscopic / "Backwash" Ileitis and its Association with Colonic Disease in New Onset Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 Jan 21. View abstract
  14. Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinical Innovations Meeting of the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation: Charting the Future of Pediatric IBD. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 01 01; 25(1):27-32. View abstract
  15. Reducing Redundant Anaerobic Therapy Through Spaced Education and Antimicrobial Stewardship Interventions. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2018 Dec 03; 7(4):317-322. View abstract
  16. Mucosal Gene Expression in Pediatric and Adult Patients With Ulcerative Colitis Permits Modeling of Ideal Biopsy Collection Strategy for Transcriptomic Analysis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 11 29; 24(12):2565-2578. View abstract
  17. Curved planar reformatting and convolutional neural network-based segmentation of the small bowel for visualization and quantitative assessment of pediatric Crohn's disease from MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2019 06; 49(6):1565-1576. View abstract
  18. The Impact of Combination Therapy on Infliximab Levels and Antibodies in Children and Young Adults With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 05 18; 24(6):1344-1351. View abstract
  19. Educational needs in the diagnosis and management of pediatric functional constipation: a US survey of specialist and primary care clinicians. Postgrad Med. 2018 May; 130(4):428-435. View abstract
  20. Commentary: Button Batteries in Fidget Spinners: Is It Time to Push the "Panic Button"? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 04; 66(4):557-558. View abstract
  21. Biologics Delay Progression of Crohn's Disease, but Not Early Surgery, in Children. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018 09; 16(9):1467-1473. View abstract
  22. Azithromycin and metronidazole versus metronidazole-based therapy for the induction of remission in mild to moderate paediatric Crohn's disease : a randomised controlled trial. Gut. 2019 02; 68(2):239-247. View abstract
  23. Postoperative complications of pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease treated with vedolizumab. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Jul; 53(7):1330-1333. View abstract
  24. Enhanced TH17 Responses in Patients with IL10 Receptor Deficiency and Infantile-onset IBD. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 11; 23(11):1950-1961. View abstract
  25. Human RELA haploinsufficiency results in autosomal-dominant chronic mucocutaneous ulceration. J Exp Med. 2017 Jul 03; 214(7):1937-1947. View abstract
  26. Correlation of endoscopic disease severity with pediatric ulcerative colitis activity index score in children and young adults with ulcerative colitis. World J Gastroenterol. 2017 May 14; 23(18):3322-3329. View abstract
  27. Outcomes From Pediatric Gastroenterology Maintenance of Certification Using Web-based Modules. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 05; 64(5):671-678. View abstract
  28. From "Jarts" to "Zen Magnets": Protecting Our Children from Dangerous Toys. J Pediatr. 2017 07; 186:6-7. View abstract
  29. O-011 Low-dose IL-2 Administration Expands Human Regulatory T Cells in Patients with UC and Humanized Mice and Protects Against Experimental Colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Feb; 23 Suppl 1:S4. View abstract
  30. Effect of Psychotherapy on Health Care Utilization in Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Depression. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 12; 63(6):658-664. View abstract
  31. Interleukin 1ß Mediates Intestinal Inflammation in Mice and Patients With Interleukin 10 Receptor Deficiency. Gastroenterology. 2016 12; 151(6):1100-1104. View abstract
  32. Postoperative Complications in Children With Crohn Disease Treated With Infliximab. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 09; 63(3):352-6. View abstract
  33. Longitudinal Patterns of Thalidomide Neuropathy in Children and Adolescents. J Pediatr. 2016 Nov; 178:227-232. View abstract
  34. NASPGHAN Clinical Report: Surveillance, Diagnosis, and Prevention of Infectious Diseases in Pediatric Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Receiving Tumor Necrosis Factor-a Inhibitors. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 07; 63(1):130-55. View abstract
  35. O-017 YI Inflammatory Versus Non-inflammatory Predictors of Specific Depressive Symptoms in a Large Pediatric Cohort with IBD. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Mar; 22 Suppl 1:S6. View abstract
  36. Prevalence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Among Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 Oct; 21(10):2281-8. View abstract
  37. Thalidomide Treatment of Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis: A New Use for an Old Drug. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 Aug; 21(8):1750-1. View abstract
  38. Effect of 2 psychotherapies on depression and disease activity in pediatric Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 Jun; 21(6):1321-8. View abstract
  39. Clinical Presentation and Five-Year Therapeutic Management of Very Early-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease in a Large North American Cohort. J Pediatr. 2015 Sep; 167(3):527-32.e1-3. View abstract
  40. Concomitant Use of Immunomodulators Affects the Durability of Infliximab Therapy in Children With Crohn's Disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015 Oct; 13(10):1748-56. View abstract
  41. Surgical management and morbidity of pediatric magnet ingestions. J Surg Res. 2015 Nov; 199(1):137-40. View abstract
  42. Antibodies to infliximab are associated with lower infliximab levels and increased likelihood of surgery in pediatric IBD. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 Feb; 21(2):307-14. View abstract
  43. Functional significance of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the lactase gene in diverse US patients and evidence for a novel lactase persistence allele at -13909 in those of European ancestry. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Feb; 60(2):182-91. View abstract
  44. Villin immunohistochemistry is a reliable method for diagnosing microvillus inclusion disease. Am J Surg Pathol. 2015 Feb; 39(2):245-50. View abstract
  45. Efficacy of oral methotrexate in paediatric Crohn's disease: a multicentre propensity score study. Gut. 2015 Dec; 64(12):1898-904. View abstract
  46. Predictors of abdominal pain in depressed pediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014 Aug; 20(8):1329-40. View abstract
  47. Benefit/risk assessment of biologic monotherapy vs combination therapy in Crohn's Remains Challenging. Gastroenterology. 2014 Aug; 147(2):540. View abstract
  48. The effect of immunomodulators and biologics on indication for surgical bowel resection in children with Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014 Jun; 20(6):1015-20. View abstract
  49. Pediatric ulcerative colitis: a practical guide to management. Paediatr Drugs. 2014 Jun; 16(3):189-98. View abstract
  50. Immunizations in children with inflammatory bowel disease treated with immunosuppressive therapy. Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y). 2014 Jun; 10(6):355-63. View abstract
  51. Randomized efficacy trial of two psychotherapies for depression in youth with inflammatory bowel disease. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2014 Jul; 53(7):726-35. View abstract
  52. Predictors of depression in youth with Crohn disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 May; 58(5):569-73. View abstract
  53. Authors' response. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 May; 58(5):e51. View abstract
  54. Depression subtypes in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 May; 58(5):574-81. View abstract
  55. Abdominal attacks and treatment in hereditary angioedema with C1-inhibitor deficiency. BMC Gastroenterol. 2014 Apr 09; 14:71. View abstract
  56. 2013 IDSA clinical practice guideline for vaccination of the immunocompromised host. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Feb; 58(3):309-18. View abstract
  57. Advocating for child health: how the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition took action against high-powered magnets. J Pediatr. 2014 Jan; 164(1):4-5.e1. View abstract
  58. NASPGHAN single-topic symposium: discovering the future of pediatric IBD care. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jan; 58(1):130-8. View abstract
  59. 2013 IDSA clinical practice guideline for vaccination of the immunocompromised host. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Feb; 58(3):e44-100. View abstract
  60. Risk factors, morbidity, and treatment of thrombosis in children and young adults with active inflammatory bowel disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Sep; 57(3):343-7. View abstract
  61. Polymerase chain reaction test for Clostridium difficile toxin B gene reveals similar prevalence rates in children with and without inflammatory bowel disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Sep; 57(3):293-7. View abstract
  62. Characterization of relations among sleep, inflammation, and psychiatric dysfunction in depressed youth with Crohn disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Sep; 57(3):335-42. View abstract
  63. Predictive value of the Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis Activity Index in the surgical management of ulcerative colitis. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Jul; 48(7):1540-5. View abstract
  64. Characterization of adherent bacteroidales from intestinal biopsies of children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e63686. View abstract
  65. Immunogenicity and tolerability to human papillomavirus-like particle vaccine in girls and young women with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Jun; 19(7):1441-9. View abstract
  66. The overlap of functional abdominal pain in pediatric Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Mar-Apr; 19(4):826-31. View abstract
  67. Loss of response to biologics versus increased risk of lymphoma in children with inflammatory bowel disease: the clinician's conundrum. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2013 Feb; 9(2):117-27. View abstract
  68. Outcome following aminosalicylate therapy in children newly diagnosed as having ulcerative colitis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Jan; 56(1):12-8. View abstract
  69. Acute cognitive and behavioral effects of systemic corticosteroids in children treated for inflammatory bowel disease. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2013 Jan; 19(1):96-109. View abstract
  70. Longitudinal results of cognitive behavioral treatment for youths with inflammatory bowel disease and depressive symptoms. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2012 Sep; 19(3):329-37. View abstract
  71. Management of ingested magnets in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Sep; 55(3):239-42. View abstract
  72. Characterization of fast and slow diffusion from diffusion-weighted MRI of pediatric Crohn's disease. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Jan; 37(1):156-63. View abstract
  73. Budesonide use in pediatric Crohn disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Aug; 55(2):200-4. View abstract
  74. A prospective study of cigarette smoking and the risk of inflammatory bowel disease in women. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Sep; 107(9):1399-406. View abstract
  75. Non-invasive mapping of the gastrointestinal microbiota identifies children with inflammatory bowel disease. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e39242. View abstract
  76. An i2b2-based, generalizable, open source, self-scaling chronic disease registry. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Jan 01; 20(1):172-9. View abstract
  77. Using the Children's Depression Inventory in youth with inflammatory bowel disease: support for a physical illness-related factor. Compr Psychiatry. 2012 Nov; 53(8):1194-9. View abstract
  78. Dysfunction of the intestinal microbiome in inflammatory bowel disease and treatment. Genome Biol. 2012 Apr 16; 13(9):R79. View abstract
  79. Alterations in diversity of the oral microbiome in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2012 May; 18(5):935-42. View abstract
  80. Lymphoma risk in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease: analysis of a large single-center cohort. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2012 May; 18(5):838-43. View abstract
  81. "Tac"kling a difficult problem: using tacrolimus to maintain remission in ulcerative colitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2011 Jul; 45(6):479-80. View abstract
  82. Agreement between patient- and physician-completed Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis Activity Index scores. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Jun; 52(6):708-13. View abstract
  83. Outcome following thiopurine use in children with ulcerative colitis: a prospective multicenter registry study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 May; 106(5):981-7. View abstract
  84. Consensus for managing acute severe ulcerative colitis in children: a systematic review and joint statement from ECCO, ESPGHAN, and the Porto IBD Working Group of ESPGHAN. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Apr; 106(4):574-88. View abstract
  85. Innate and adaptive immune connections in inflammatory bowel diseases. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2010 Nov; 26(6):572-7. View abstract
  86. Outcomes and adverse events in children and young adults undergoing tacrolimus therapy for steroid-refractory colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011 Jan; 17(1):22-9. View abstract
  87. Extraintestinal manifestations of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease and their relation to disease type and severity. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010 Aug; 51(2):140-5. View abstract
  88. Use of immunomodulators and biologic therapies in children with inflammatory bowel disease. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2010 Jul; 6(4):659-66. View abstract
  89. Factors that determine risk for surgery in pediatric patients with Crohn's disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010 Sep; 8(9):789-94. View abstract
  90. Varicella vaccination in children with inflammatory bowel disease receiving immunosuppressive therapy. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010 May; 50(5):562-5. View abstract
  91. Outcome following infliximab therapy in children with ulcerative colitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010 Jun; 105(6):1430-6. View abstract
  92. Probiotic for new onset ulcerative colitis in children: baby's got bac(teria). Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2010 Jan; 16(1):177-8. View abstract
  93. Monitoring Disease Activity in Pediatric IBD Patients (monograph). Children's Digestive Health and Nutrition Foundation 2009 . 2010. View abstract
  94. Healthcare burden of inflammatory bowel disease in the United States: more than pain and diarrhea. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2009 Nov; 15(11):1767-8. View abstract
  95. Immunizations in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2009 Sep; 15(9):1417-23. View abstract
  96. Variation in care in pediatric Crohn disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 Sep; 49(3):297-303. View abstract
  97. Restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in children. Dis Colon Rectum. 2009 Sep; 52(9):1645-9. View abstract
  98. Appraisal of the pediatric ulcerative colitis activity index (PUCAI). Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2009 Aug; 15(8):1218-23. View abstract
  99. Long-term outcome of maintenance infliximab therapy in children with Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2009 Jun; 15(6):816-22. View abstract
  100. Course and treatment of perianal disease in children newly diagnosed with Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2009 Mar; 15(3):383-7. View abstract
  101. Growth abnormalities persist in newly diagnosed children with crohn disease despite current treatment paradigms. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 Feb; 48(2):168-74. View abstract
  102. Immune response to influenza vaccine in children with inflammatory bowel disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2009 Feb; 104(2):444-53. View abstract
  103. Making the right diagnosis: differentiating between Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis in children and young adults. . 2009. View abstract
  104. Approach to clinical diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease. In: Walker-Smith JA, Lebenthal E, Branski D. Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Perspective and consequences. 2009; 123-137. View abstract
  105. Nutritional concerns in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2008 Aug; 52(8):867-74. View abstract
  106. Effect of early immunomodulator use in moderate to severe pediatric Crohn disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2008 Jul; 14(7):949-54. View abstract
  107. Cyclic vomiting syndrome in adults. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2008 Apr; 20(4):269-84. View abstract
  108. Research and clinical challenges in paediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Dig Liver Dis. 2008 Jan; 40(1):32-8. View abstract
  109. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease and subsyndromal depression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2007 Oct; 46(10):1290-1298. View abstract
  110. The prevalence and geographic distribution of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in the United States. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 Dec; 5(12):1424-9. View abstract
  111. Body mass index in children with newly diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease: observations from two multicenter North American inception cohorts. J Pediatr. 2007 Nov; 151(5):523-7. View abstract
  112. Intercenter variation in initial management of children with Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2007 Jul; 13(7):890-5. View abstract
  113. Challenges and progress in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2007 Jul; 23(4):406-12. View abstract
  114. Laboratory values for children with newly diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease. Pediatrics. 2007 Jun; 119(6):1113-9. View abstract
  115. Differentiating ulcerative colitis from Crohn disease in children and young adults: report of a working group of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007 May; 44(5):653-74. View abstract
  116. Pete Learns About Crohn's and Colitis. 2007. View abstract
  117. Pouch outcomes among children with ulcerative colitis treated with calcineurin inhibitors before ileal pouch anal anastomosis surgery. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jan; 42(1):31-4; discussion 34-5. View abstract
  118. Impaired intestinal iron absorption in Crohn's disease correlates with disease activity and markers of inflammation. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2006 Dec; 12(12):1101-6. View abstract
  119. Challenges in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2006 Sep; 12(9):885-913. View abstract
  120. Effective advocacy for patients with inflammatory bowel disease: communication with insurance companies, school administrators, employers, and other health care overseers. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2006 Aug; 12(8):814-23. View abstract
  121. Health-related quality of life in the first year after a diagnosis of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2006 Aug; 12(8):684-91. View abstract
  122. Medical therapy for refractory pediatric Crohn's disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Oct; 4(10):1199-213. View abstract
  123. Corticosteroid therapy in the age of infliximab: acute and 1-year outcomes in newly diagnosed children with Crohn's disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Sep; 4(9):1124-9. View abstract
  124. The natural history of corticosteroid therapy for ulcerative colitis in children. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Sep; 4(9):1118-23. View abstract
  125. 5-aminosalicylate therapy is associated with higher 6-thioguanine levels in adults and children with inflammatory bowel disease in remission on 6-mercaptopurine or azathioprine. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2006 Apr; 12(4):251-7. View abstract
  126. Gastrointestinal issues in developmentally disabled children. LI Rubin and AC Crocker eds. Medical Care for children and adults with developmental disabilities. 2006; 307-324. View abstract
  127. Current therapy of inflammatory bowel disease in children. Paediatr Drugs. 2006; 8(5):279-302. View abstract
  128. Evaluation of the pediatric crohn disease activity index: a prospective multicenter experience. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Oct; 41(4):416-21. View abstract
  129. A randomized, double-blind trial of Lactobacillus GG versus placebo in addition to standard maintenance therapy for children with Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2005 Sep; 11(9):833-9. View abstract
  130. Workshop report: prevention of postoperative recurrence in Crohn's disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Aug; 41(2):145-51. View abstract
  131. Normal homocysteine levels in a population of children with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2005 Jun; 11(6):620-1. View abstract
  132. Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease: what children can teach adults. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2005 Jun; 11(6):519-27. View abstract
  133. A review of activity indices and end points for clinical trials in children with Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2005 Feb; 11(2):185-96. View abstract
  134. Probiotic Therapies: the crossroads of traditional and alternative medicine. Practical Gastroenterology. 2005; 4:20-36. View abstract
  135. Serologic testing with ANCA, ASCA, and anti-OmpC in children and young adults with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis: diagnostic value and correlation with disease phenotype. Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Nov; 99(11):2235-41. View abstract
  136. Depressive symptoms and inflammatory bowel disease in children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004 Oct; 39(4):395-403. View abstract
  137. Mucosal healing in children with Crohn's disease: appropriate therapeutic goal or medical overkill? Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2004 Jul; 10(4):481-3. View abstract
  138. Pediatric patients with untreated ulcerative colitis may present initially with unusual morphologic findings. Am J Surg Pathol. 2004 Feb; 28(2):190-7. View abstract
  139. Immunosuppressive therapies. Walker WA, Goulet O, Kleinman R, Sherman P, Shneider B, Sanderson I eds. Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease. 2004; 2:2015-2044. View abstract
  140. Pediatric Crohn's disease. Johnson L ed. Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology. 2004; 520-527. View abstract
  141. Ulcerative colitis. Guandalini ed, Textbook of Pediatric Gastroenterology. 2004; 385-418. View abstract
  142. Gastroenterologic and Liver Disorders. Stiehm ER, Ochs H, Winkelstein J eds. Immunologic disorders in infants and children. 2004; 1055-1102. View abstract
  143. Gastroenterology questions for the American Academy of Pediatrics PREP course. Available on www.pedialink.org. 2004. View abstract
  144. Risk of early surgery for Crohn's disease: implications for early treatment strategies. Am J Gastroenterol. 2003 Dec; 98(12):2712-8. View abstract
  145. Blocking lymphocyte adhesion: new treatment for sticky cases of Crohn disease? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2003 Aug; 37(2):211-3. View abstract
  146. Isolated neonatal swallowing dysfunction: a case series and review of the literature. Dig Dis Sci. 2003 Jan; 48(1):30-5. View abstract
  147. Webcast: Crohn's and colitis Foundation - Management of IBD in special populations. Available on www.ccfa.org. 2003. View abstract
  148. Nutritional therapy of inflammatory bowel disease. Caballero B, Trugo L, Finglas P eds. Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 2003; 3315-3320. View abstract
  149. Feeding tubes. Puder M, Hansen A eds. Manual of Neonatal Surgical Care. 2003; 303-314. View abstract
  150. Efficacy of probiotic use in acute diarrhea in children: a meta-analysis. Dig Dis Sci. 2002 Nov; 47(11):2625-34. View abstract
  151. Severe pancytopenia from thiopurine methyltransferase deficiency: a preventable complication of 6-mercaptopurine therapy in children with Crohn disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002 Nov; 35(5):695-9. View abstract
  152. Blame Canada: growing questions about budesonide. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2002 May; 8(3):235. View abstract
  153. Complementary medicine use in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002 Feb; 97(2):382-8. View abstract
  154. Research agenda for pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition: chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Report of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition for the Children's Digestive Health and Nutrition Foundation. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002; 35 Suppl 3:S286-90. View abstract
  155. Board review questions in pediatric gastroenterology for the American Academy of Pediatrics PREP the course. 16 Questions per year for 6 years (2002-2008). 2002. View abstract
  156. Multiple micronutrient deficiencies in a child fed an elemental formula. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Nov; 33(5):602-5. View abstract
  157. Inflammatory bowel disease associated with immune thrombocytopenic purpura in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Nov; 33(5):582-7. View abstract
  158. Elevated serum hepatocyte growth factor in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Nov; 33(5):548-53. View abstract
  159. Abdominal migraine in children with neurofibromatosis type 1: a case series and review of gastrointestinal involvement in NF1. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Aug; 33(2):149-54. View abstract
  160. Thalidomide in gastrointestinal disorders. Drugs. 2001; 61(6):777-87. View abstract
  161. Clinical, biological, and histologic parameters as predictors of relapse in ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology. 2001 Jan; 120(1):13-20. View abstract
  162. Epidemiology and diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease. Bonis ed., Up to Date. 2001; 9. View abstract
  163. The spectrum of pediatric gastroesophageal reflux. JAMA. 2000 Dec 27; 284(24):3125-6. View abstract
  164. Oral tacrolimus treatment of severe colitis in children. J Pediatr. 2000 Dec; 137(6):794-9. View abstract
  165. Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis associated with chronic inflammatory bowel disease in children. Dig Dis Sci. 1999 Dec; 44(12):2500-7. View abstract
  166. Allergic esophagitis in children: a clinicopathological entity. Am J Surg Pathol. 1999 Apr; 23(4):390-6. View abstract
  167. Elevated serum vascular endothelial growth factor in children and young adults with Crohn's disease. Dig Dis Sci. 1999 Feb; 44(2):424-30. View abstract
  168. Crohn's disease in children and adolescents. Bonis ed, Up to Date (CD-ROM). 1999; 8. View abstract
  169. Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Primary Immunodeficiencies. Wyllie R, Hyams JS. Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease. 1999; 381-389. View abstract
  170. Ulcerative Colitis in children and adolescents. Bonis ed, Up to Date (CD-ROM). 1999. View abstract
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